How to protect investor from misuse of Power of Attorney (PoA) by Stock Broker/brokerages or relatives?

How to protect your shares and mutual funds in Demat Account from Power of Attorney ( PoA) holder?

How to freeze and unfreeze the Holdings in Demat Account?

How to secure Demat Account even after giving PoA to Stock Broker/brokerages or relatives?


This article requires you to register for easiest facility of CDSL for your Demat Account . Please read our blog on how to register for easiest.

You can login to your easiest account and use option to Freeze holding for debit instruction. You can lock holding in your Demat Account in part or full or even part quantity of particular Scrip/ISIN. You may have given PoA to Stock Broker/brokerage/relatives, you can make sure that PoA given by you cannot be used for the period, which you may so desire, as ISIN can be frozen and you may unfreeze when you want to sale/transfer particular scrip and quantity. By this process, you can make PoA inactive for whatever period, you would like.

login to easiest

Login To Easi/Easiest

For that go to CDSL’s website www.cdslindia.com then click onLogin-New System My easi (BO/CM) under Quick Links section. It will take you to the CDSL’s Login page.


Login to the CDSL’s easi/easiest account, on home page there is a menu bar where different options are available

Easiest Menu Bar

Under that on green line user account details are mentioned

Easiest User Account Details

How to freeze and unfreeze holding?

In CDSL easiest account user will get an option of freeze or unfreeze holding. With this option user can freeze the shares in the account. This option is available in CDSL user login under freeze menu.

CDSL freeze menu

To freeze the ISIN

Step 1 - Go to the Freeze menu then select Setup & click on New Setup

Step 2 - Then select the freeze type. (To freeze whole account select BO & to freeze one or more ISIN select BO-ISIN.) Then select the quantity type full or partial. ISIN can be freeze for Debit, Credit or both. User can set for current date as well as future date


Freeze New Setup

Step 3 - After filling all the details click on save then the confirmation window will pop up click on OK


Freeze Confirmation Window

Step 4 - Then a verification window will open again click on ok


Freeze Verification Window

Step 5 - Then again go to Freeze menu -> Setup

There you’ll see the holding for which you sent the freeze request

Then select the holdings and click on commit and give approval


Freeze List

The user has the option to modify/delete only those freeze requests which have been setup by the user and which have not been verified by the user.

Unfreeze

Unfreeze option is also available under freeze menu. User can unfreeze only those requests which are currently in frozen state.


UnFreeze Menu List

Step 1 - Go to Freeze menu then click on Unfreeze & click on Unfreeze Setup

Step 2 - Then select the transaction ID and click on Go to Unfreeze Commit , it will unfreeze the frozen holdings.


UnFreeze List

User can also print the acknowledgement copy of their freeze and unfreeze request, by going to Print Acknowledgement Copy in Freeze Menu


Freeze Acknowledgement Copy

What is easi, easiest facility to monitor and transact through Demat Account and How to register?

Why Stock Brokers ask for Power of Attorney (PoA) of Demat Account?


S P Toshniwal

Founder and CEO

www.prostocks.com

Comment (0) Hits: 7

Stamp Duty on Transaction at Stock exchange and transfer through Depositories

The Government of India amended the Indian Stamp Act, 1899 through Finance Bill 2019 presented in the Parliament on 1st February 2019. Amended provisions were to be effective from the date of notification, to be issued in the official Gazette of India.

The Government of India has published a notification in the Official Gazette of India on 10th December 2019 making the amended provisions effective from 01th April 2020.

What is chargeable :

Sr.No

Item Description

Chargeability after 1 April 2020

Chargeability prior to 1 April 2020

1

All transactions executed at, as well as reported to the recognised Stock and Commodity Exchanges generally known as Contract Note transaction

Chargeable

Chargeable

2

Any transfer of securities for consideration through Depository other than 1 above, like issuance of shares and securities by the company, off-market buy and sell etc.

Chargeable

Not chargeable

3

Gifts, collaterals towards margin to stock-broker or to Banks or NBFC for borrowing, early pay-in shares etc (transfer for and return thereof) will not be liable for stamp duty

Not chargeable

Not chargeable

4

Bonus Shares, Split of shares etc without consideration

Not chargeable

Not chargeable

4

Government Securities

Not chargeable

Chargeable


What rate and Who, whom and When is liable to pay :

S

r No

Item Description

Rate of Stamp Duty

Who is liable to pay

Whom to Pay on behalf of state Govt

When is liable to pay

Old rates at Maharashtra

1

Equity Segment ( Capital Market) Non delivery (intra-day) trades across Stock Exchanges except debentures and Govt Securities

0.003%

Buyer

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement

0.004 % (0.002% each for buyer and seller)

2

Equity Segment ( Capital Market) delivery trades across Stock Exchanges except for debentures and Govt Securities

0.015%

Buyer

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement as delivery and not closeout

0.02 % (0.01% each for buyer and seller)

3

Equity and Commodity Futures

0.002%

Buyer

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement

0.004 % (0.002% each for buyer and seller)

4

Equity and Commodity Options on premium value

0.003%

Buyer

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement

0.004 % (0.002% each for buyer and seller)

5

Futures and Options on Currency and Interest rates

0.0001%

Buyer

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement

0.004 % (0.002% each for buyer and seller)

6

Government Securities

Nil

NA

NA

NA

0.001% (0.0005% each by Buyer and Seller)

7

Issue of securities including debentures

0.005%

Issuer

Depository

At the time of credit to Depository

Nil

8

In case of Debenture reissue

0.0001%

Issuer

Depository

At the time of credit to Depository

Nil

9

In case of transfer of Debenture against off-market trade or delivery trades

0.0001%

Seller / Transferor

Depository

At the time of transfer

Nil

10

In case of transfer of Debenture pursuant to Trade at Stock Exchange ( Delivery Trades)

0.0001%

Buyer

Stock Exchange / CCs

At the time of settlement

0.0005%

11

Open-offer, Buyback, Offer for Sell etc through Stock Exchange Platform

0.015%

Acquirer/ Seller

Stock Exchange/ CCs

On settlement as delivery and not closeout

0.02 % (0.01% each for buyer and seller)

12

Transfer of any Equity and Equity related securities for consideration, made through depository, otherwise than on the basis of any transaction on Stock and Commodity Exchanges

 

0.015%

Seller / Transferor

Depository

At the time of transfer

Nil


S P Toshniwal

Founder and CEO

www.prostocks.com

Comment (0) Hits: 171

The Futures and Options Trading System, both equity derivatives and currency derivatives, provides a fully automated trading environment for screen-based, floor-less trading on a nationwide basis and an online monitoring and surveillance mechanism. The system supports an order driven market and provides complete transparency of trading operations.

Orders, as and when they are received at Exchange, are first time stamped and then immediately processed for potential match. If a match is not found, then the orders are stored in different 'books'. Orders are stored in price-time priority in various books in the following sequence:

  1. Best Price
  2. Within Price, by time priority.

Order Matching Rules

The best buy order will match with the best sell order. An order may match partially with another order resulting in multiple trades. For order matching, the best buy order is the one with highest price and the best sell order is the one with lowest price. This is because the computer views all buy orders available from the point of view of a seller and all sell orders from the point of view of the buyers in the market. So, of all buy orders available in the market at any point of time, a seller would obviously like to sell at the highest possible buy price that is offered. Hence, the best buy order is the order with highest price and vice-versa.

Members can pro actively enter orders in the system which will be displayed in the system till the full quantity is matched by one or more of counter-orders and result into trade(s). Alternatively members may be reactive and put in orders that match with existing orders in the system. Orders lying unmatched in the system are 'passive' orders and orders that come in to match the existing orders are called 'active' orders. Orders are always matched at the passive order price. This ensures that the earlier orders get priority over the orders that come in later.

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How to register to easi/easiest account?

What is the use of easi/easiest account?

How can we protect PoA through easi/easiest account?


What is easi?

Electronic access to securities information( easi) is a convenient, easy to operate internet based facility, which allows Demat Account Holder (also called registered Beneficial Owners (BOs)) to access their Demat account directly from the website of CDSL (www.cdslindia.com), anytime anywhere, avoiding back office of Depository Participant, through which you would have opened your Demat Account.

What is easiest?

Electronic access to securities information and execution of secured transactions(easiest), permits Demat Account holders to submit freeze, unfreeze, off-market, on-market, inter-depository and early pay-in debit instructions from their demat account. All the facilities and benefits of easi are automatically made available to a subscriber of easiest.

What are the benefits of easi/easiest to Demat Account Holder/ (Beneficial Owner) BOs?

  1. Freeze and unfreeze holding in part or full or even part quantity of particular Scrip/ISIN. By this, even after giving PoA to Stock Broker, you can make sure that PoA cannot be misused, as ISIN can be frozen and you may unfreeze when you want to sale particular scrip and quantity. By this process, you can make PoA inactive for whatever period, you would like. ( not available in easi)
  2. Viewing and printing of holdings and/or transactions for last 30 days in their account. (no restriction in easiest for number of days)
  3. Viewing and printing the valuation of holdings in their demat account based on the previous day’s closing price on BSE.
  4. Viewing multiple demat accounts through a single login id.
  5. Monitoring corporate announcements related to the securities, held in their demat account. A BO also has the additional option to add up to 25 ISINs not held in their demat account, but wishes to monitor corporate announcements for such ISINs.
  6. Transfer to other BO/ Demat account. ( only in easiest)

What are the different types of account transfers available on easiest?

There are two types of account transfers available on easiest:

  1. Trusted account - Transfers: Permits transfers of securities from a BO/Demat Account Holder account to any 4 CDSL demat accounts of the BOs choice, which have been pre-notified by the BO/Demat Account Holder.
  2. Account of choice - Transfers: Permits transfers of securities from a BO/Demat account holder’s account to any other demat account. All the on-market, off-market, early pay-in and inter depository transactions are authenticated by means of a digital signature. The digital signature should be obtained from any of the RA (Registering Authority) of TCS (Tata Consultancy Services). CDSL being one of the RAs of TCS also provides Digital Signature at a cost.

PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION EASIEST FACILITY OF CDSL DEMAT ACCOUNT HOLDER

Sole holder BO/Demat Account holder, who wishes to register for easiest facility, will have to click on To “Register for Easiest” link available on the CDSL loginpage-


web.cdslindia.com/myeasi/Home/Login
Sign In Easi/Easiest

Step 1 - For registration, Sole holder BO/Demat Account Holder should enter his 08 digits - DP ID and 08 digits- Client ID and click in the check box & then click on Next.

Easiest Registration Step 1

Step 2 - OTP will be received on the CDSL registered mobile no. [Registered for SMS alert] In case of NRI OTP will be received on the CDSL registered email id. Then submit the OTP and click on Next.

Easiest Registration  Step 2

Step 3 - The BO/Demat Account Holder will be required to enter the preferred user name, security question & answer & Select the type of transfer i.e. trusted account transfer/Account of Choice transfer.

Easiest Registration  Step 3
  • In case of trusted account transfer, User will be required to enter the trusted account holders demat account no. of the BO’s/Demat Account Holder’s choice [any four CDSL demat account], wherein the BO wishes to transfer the securities.

  • If the BO wishes to group any of his other demat account/s, BO/Demat Account Holder has the option to do so at the time of registration also.

Step 4 - At the end of the registration, in case of Account of choice User, message will be available to the User “Registration request forwarded to the DP for authentication”

Easiest Registration  Step 4
  • In case of trusted account registration two message will be available to the BO/Demat Account holder at the end of the registration “Registration request forwarded to the DP for authentication” and “Duly signed trusted account holders forms to be submitted to the DP for authentication of trusted account holders” and only trusted account declaration form and/or grouping form [if any account is grouped during registration] will be available to the BO for download.

Step 5 -Once the DP authenticates the easiest registration of such sole holder BO/Demat Account Holder and when the user is logging to his/her easiest account facility for the first time, system will generate and send an OTP on registered mobile and registered email ID incase of NRI, the user will be prompted to enter the OTP at first time login.

Why should I subscribe /register for the easiest?

Easiest, not only provides all the benefits of easi, but also gives a BO/Demat Account Holder the convenience of executing debit/credit instructions from their demat account, over the internet, anytime anywhere. Biggest advantage of easiest is to Freeze and unfreeze holding in part or full or even part quantity of particular Scrip/ISIN. By this, even after giving PoA to Stock Broker/ relatives, you can make sure that PoA cannot be misused, as ISIN can be frozen and you may unfreeze when you want to sale/ transfer particular scrip and quantity. By this process, you can make PoA inactive for whatever period, you would like. ( not available in easi)

Do a BO/ Demat Account Holder still need to submit instruction slip(s) to the DP when executing transaction(s) on easiest?

No. A BO who submits instruction(s) through easiest need not give any instruction slip(s) to their DP.

If I am registered for easi, can I register for easiest?

Yes, you can by selecting the option ‘Upgrade BOID to easiest’, in your easi account login.

Can a BO/Demat Account Holder submit multiple transactions through easiest?

Yes. The easiest upload facility enables a BO/Demat Account Holder to submit multiple transactions in a single file.

Who can avail of the upload facility?

All BOs/Demat Account Holders who have opted for the account of choice login only, in easiest can avail of this facility. A BO/Demat Account Holder would have to approach their DP to have their upload rights activated.

Can I monitor corporate announcements for the shares in my demat account through my easiest login?

Yes, you can monitor corporate announcements for the securities held in your demat account through your easiest login. You can also add ISINs not held in your demat account, but wish to monitor corporate announcements for such ISINs.

How to avoid misuse of Power of Attorney (PoA) by Stock Broker/ Brokerages or relatives?

Why Stock Brokers ask for Power of Attorney (PoA) of Demat Account?

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In this article you will learn about these similar quires:

  • Demat Account Vs Trading Account
  • Why Demat Account required?
  • Why Trading Account required?
  • Who can open Demat Account?
  • Who can open Trading Account?

Depository Beneficiary Account is popularly known as Demat Account. Demat Account is like an electronic locker to keep securities in electronic (dematerialised) form.

Securities like Bonds, Debentures, Equity Shares, Preference Shares or any securities having ISIN can be held in Demat Account. Securities having ISIN can be held in Demat Account even when they are not listed on any Stock Exchange. Client opting for equity segment (cash market) in Trading Account are mandatorily need to have Demat Account. Demat Account is to be open with Depository Participant (DP) of either CDSL or NSDL. ProStocks is Depository Participant of CDSL. Your Stock Broker can also be your DP. All Stock Broker are not DP.

Trading Account is used for buying and selling listed shares and securities at recongnised Stock Exchanges and different from Demat Account. Trading Account can be opened only by Stock Broker. Your Trading Account will be used for both trading as well as investment. Shares purchased through Trading Account are held in Demat Account and shares sold through trading account are transferred from Demat Account to Stock Exchange through Stock Broker.

Sr.No Difference Demat Account Trading Account
1 Account opening By Depository Participant popularly known as DP By Stock Broker / Broker Member of recongnised Stock Exchange
2 Purpose To hold listed and unlisted securities electronically To buy and sell shares and securities at recognized Stock Exchanges
3 Regulator SEBI SEBI
4 Quasi Regulator Depository Stock Exchange
5 Mode of operation By Client electronically ( through internet login) as well as physical instructions , Stock Broker through limited purpose POA given by Client  Online ( Operate through online internet login ), Offline ( through telephone call and trade, Email , personal visit etc.). Stock Broker cannot take POA.
6 Multiple Multiple Demat Account with one DP with purpose Only one Trading Account can be opened with one Stock Broker
7 Single or Joint Single or jointly with other individual Single only. Joint Trading Account becomes partnership firm , hence not possible as individual
8 Constitution / category Partnership firm cannot open in their name but can open in the name of the partner/s for the benefit of partnership firm Partnership firm can open Trading Account
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