What are the order type available for derivatives market. How trading system works. How order matching takes place. Which order has priority over others.

The Futures and Options Trading System, both equity derivatives and currency derivatives, provides a fully automated trading environment for screen-based, floor-less trading on a nationwide basis and an online monitoring and surveillance mechanism. The system supports an order driven market and provides complete transparency of trading operations.

Orders, as and when they are received at Exchange, are first time stamped and then immediately processed for potential match. If a match is not found, then the orders are stored in different 'books'. Orders are stored in price-time priority in various books in the following sequence:

  1. Best Price
  2. Within Price, by time priority.

Order Matching Rules

The best buy order will match with the best sell order. An order may match partially with another order resulting in multiple trades. For order matching, the best buy order is the one with highest price and the best sell order is the one with lowest price. This is because the computer views all buy orders available from the point of view of a seller and all sell orders from the point of view of the buyers in the market. So, of all buy orders available in the market at any point of time, a seller would obviously like to sell at the highest possible buy price that is offered. Hence, the best buy order is the order with highest price and vice-versa.

Members can pro actively enter orders in the system which will be displayed in the system till the full quantity is matched by one or more of counter-orders and result into trade(s). Alternatively members may be reactive and put in orders that match with existing orders in the system. Orders lying unmatched in the system are 'passive' orders and orders that come in to match the existing orders are called 'active' orders. Orders are always matched at the passive order price. This ensures that the earlier orders get priority over the orders that come in later.

Order Conditions

A Trading Member and or client of Trading Member can enter various types of orders depending upon his/her requirements. These conditions are broadly classified into 2 categories: time related conditions and price-related conditions.

Time Conditions

DAY - A Day order, as the name suggests, is an order which is valid for the day on which it is entered. If the order is not matched during the day, the order gets cancelled automatically at the end of the trading day.

IOC - An Immediate or Cancel (IOC) order allows a Trading Member and or client of Trading Member to buy or sell a security as soon as the order is released into the market, failing which the order will be removed from the market. Partial match is possible for the order, and the unmatched portion of the order is cancelled immediately.

Price Conditions

Limit Price/Order - An order that allows the price to be specified while entering the order into the system.

Market Price/Order - An order to buy or sell securities at the best price obtainable at the time of entering the order.

Stop Loss (SL) Price/Order - The one that allows the Trading Member and or client of Trading Member to place an order which gets activated only when the market price of the relevant security reaches or crosses a threshold price. Until then the order does not enter the market.
A sell order in the Stop Loss book gets triggered when the last traded price in the normal market reaches or falls below the trigger price of the order. A buy order in the Stop Loss book gets triggered when the last traded price in the normal market reaches or exceeds the trigger price of the order.

E.g. If for stop loss buy order, the trigger is 93.00, the limit price is 95.00 and the market (last traded) price is 90.00, then this order is released into the system once the market price reaches or exceeds 93.00. This order is added to the regular lot book with time of triggering as the time stamp, as a limit order of 95.00 

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